© 2018 by Christina Van Dyke. Created with Wix.com

    Welcome!

     

    I'm a professor of philosophy at Calvin College, specializing in medieval philosophy and the philosophy of gender. Much of my recent research combines those two areas and challenges the idea that women didn't do philosophy in the Middle Ages.

     

    Currently I'm completing a book, titled A Hidden Wisdom, that focuses on what medieval contemplatives (such as Marguerite Porete, Hadewijch, Catherine of Siena, Angela of Foligno, and Mechtild of Magdeburg) have to say about five central philosophical issues:

    self-knowledge 

    reason and its limits

    love and the will

    persons

    immortality and the afterlife 

    I'll be a Visiting Fellow at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University for Easter Term 2020.

     
     
    BOOKS

    A Hidden Wisdom: Medieval Contemplatives on Self-Knowledge, Reason, Will, Persons, and Immortality (under contract at Oxford University Press, expected publication date 2020)

     

    New Routledge Major Works collection: Medieval Philosophy (4 vols., est. 1660 pp) (Critical Concepts in Philosophy series, Routledge), editor with Andrew Arlig, 2019))

     

    Thomas Aquinas, The Treatise on Happiness: Summa theologiae IaIIae 1-21, translation, introduction, and commentary with Thomas Williams (Hackett Aquinas Series, Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 2016)

     

    The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy, editor Robert Pasnau, associate editor Christina Van Dyke (2 vols, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010; second edition with new material, 2014)

     

    Aquinas’s Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context, co-authored with Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung and Colleen McCluskey (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009)

    PAPERS
     

    MEDIEVAL CONTEMPLATIVE PHILOSOPHY:

    "From Meditation to Contemplation: Broadening the Borders of Philosophy in the 13th-15th Centuries" (for Pluralizing Philosophy’s Past – New Reflections in the History of Philosophy, eds. A. Griffioen and M. Backmann, Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming) 

    “Taking the ‘Dis’ out of ‘Disability’: Martyrs, Mothers, and Mystics in the Middle Ages” (for Disability in Medieval Christian Philosophy and Theology, ed. S. Williams, Routledge Press, at press)

     

    Medieval Mystics on Persons: What John Locke Didn't Tell You,” for Persons: a History, ed. A. Lolordo (Oxford Philosophical Concepts Series, Oxford University Press, 2019), 123-153.

    “The Phenomenology of Immortality,” The History of the Philosophy of Mind.Vol. 2: Philosophy of Mind in the Early and High Middle Ages, ed. M. Cameron. (London: Routledge, 2019), 219-239.

     

    “‘Many Know Much, but Do Not Know Themselves’: The Centrality of Self-Knowledge in the Affective Medieval Contemplative Tradition” in Consciousness and Self-Knowledge in Medieval Philosophy: Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics Volume 14,eds. G Klima and A. Hall (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018), 89-106.

     

    “What has History to do with Philosophy? Insights from the Medieval Contemplative Tradition” in Philosophy and the Historical Perspective, ed. M. Van Ackeren, Proceedings of the British Academy, Oxford University Press, 214 (2018) 155-170.

    “Self-Knowledge, Abnegation, and Fulfillment in Medieval Mysticism,” Self-Knowledge, ed. U. Renz (Oxford Philosophical Concepts Series, Oxford University Press, 2016) 131-145.

    “Mysticism,” in The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy, eds. Pasnau and Van Dyke (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) 720-34.

    THOMAS AQUINAS:

    “Thomas Aquinas.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy. Ed. Duncan Pritchard. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. (http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com)

    “I See Dead People: Disembodied Souls and Aquinas’s ‘Two-Person’ Problem,” Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 2 (2014) 25-45.

     

    “Aquinas’s Shiny Happy People: Perfect Happiness and the Limits of Human Nature,” Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Religion 6 (2014) 269-291.

    “The End of (Human) Life as We Know It: Thomas Aquinas on Bodies, Persons, and Death,” The Modern Schoolman 89: 3-4 (2012) 243-257 (special issue: “Theological Themes in Medieval Philosophy”).

    “Not Properly a Person: the Rational Soul and ‘Thomistic Substance Dualism,’” Faith and Philosophy 26:2 (2009) 186-204.

    “Human Identity, Immanent Causal Relations, and the Principle of Non-Repeatability: Thomas Aquinas on the Bodily Resurrection,” Religious Studies 43 (2007) 373-94.

    ROBERT GROSSETESTE:

    “The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth: Robert Grosseteste on Universals (and the Posterior Analytics),” Journal of the History of Philosophy 48:2 (2010) 153-170.

    “A Divinely Aristotelian Theory of Illumination: Robert Grosseteste’s epistemology in his Commentary on the Posterior Analytics,” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17:4 (2009) 685-704.

    PHILOSOPHY OF GENDER:

    “Fearing Finitude, Transcending Ourselves: Contemporary Dietary Practices as Quasi-Religion” (for a special issue of TopoiUnderstanding Hunger: Philosophical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives (forthcoming late 2020))

    “Eat Y’Self Fitter: Orthorexia, Health, and Gender,” Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics, eds. A. Barnhill, T. Doggett, M. Budolfson (Oxford University Press, 2017) 553-571.

    “Manly Meat and Gendered Eating: Correcting Imbalance and Seeking Virtue,” Philosophy Comes to Dinner: Arguments about the Ethics of Eating, eds. A. Chignell, T. Cuneo, M. Haltemann (New York: Routledge Press, 2016) 39-55.

    “Discipline and the Docile Body: Regulating Hungers in the Capitol,” in The Hunger Games and Philosophy, eds. G Dunn and N. Michaud (Wiley, Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture Series, 2012) 250-264.

    “Eating as a Gendered Act: Christianity, Feminism, and Reclaiming the Body,” in K. J. Clark (ed.) Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, 2nd Edition (Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2008).

    RESOURCES
     

    General Resources in Medieval Contemplative Philosophy

    PRIMARY

    SECONDARY

    Bynum, Caroline Walker. Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

    ———. Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. New York: Zone Books, 1991.

     

    Grundmann, Herbert. Religiöse Bewegungen im Mittelalter: Untersuchungen über die geschichtlichen Zusammenhänge zwischen der Ketzerei, Den Bettelorden und der religiösen Frauenbegegung im 12. Und 13 Jahrhundrent (1935), translated and republished as Religious Movements in the Middle Ages: The Historical Links between Heresy, the Mendicant Orders, and the Women’s Religious Movement in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Century, with the Historical Foundations of German Mysticism. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995.

    Hindsley, Leonard. The Mystics of Engelthal: Writings from a Medieval Monastery. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

     

    Hollywood, Amy and P. Dailey, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

    Hugher-Edwards, Mari. Reading Medieval Anchoritism: Ideology and Spiritual Practice, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2012.

     

    Jantzen, Grace. Power, Gender, and Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

    McGinn, Bernard. The Flowering of Mysticism: Men and Women in the New Mysticism - 1200-1350. Vol. 3 of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co, 1998.

    McGinn, Bernard. The Harvest of Mysticism in Medieval Germany (1300-1500), Vol.4 of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 2005.

    McGinn, Bernard, ed. Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechtild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete. New York: Continuum, 1994.

    Newman, Barbara. From Virile Woman to Woman Christ: Studies in Medieval Religion and Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

     

    ———. God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

    Turner, Denys. The Darkness of God: Negativity in Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

     

    Van Dyke, Christina. “What Has History to Do with Philosophy? Insights from the Medieval Contemplative Tradition,” in Philosophy and the Historical Perspective, ed. M. Van Ackeren, Proceedings of the British Academy, Oxford University Press, 214 (2018) 155-170.

    Watson, Nicholas. “Introduction" to The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Mysticism. S. Fanous and V. Gillespie (eds.), 1-28. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.


    Winston-Allen, Anne. Convent Chronicles: Women Writing about Women and Reform in the Late Middle Ages. University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

    Specific Topics: Self-Knowledge, Reason, Will and Love, Persons, Immortality and the Afterlife

    SELF-KNOWLEDGE

    Primary Texts:

    Angela of Foligno, Memorial IX

    Catherine of Siena, Prologue and Chapter 4

    Clare of Assisi, Third Letter to Agnes of Prague, and “Testament of Saint Clare” 

    Hadewijch, Letters 2, 4, 11, 14, 18, 22, and 30

    Julian of Norwich, Showings Chapters 56 and 57 

     

    Margaret of Oingt,

     

    Marguerite Porete, Mirror of Simple Souls, Chapters 43 and 87 

    Mechthild of Magdeburg, The Flowing Light of the Godhead, Books VI and VII 

     

    Meister Eckhart, Counsel Six (in Meister Eckhart: The Essential Sermons, Commentaries, Treatises, and Defense)

    Richard of St. Victor, The Twelve Patriarchs (Benjamin Minor)

     

    Jan Van Ruusbroec, “Spiritual Abandonment and Consolation” and “A Mirror of Eternal Blessedness” 

     

    Meditations on the Life of Christ, Chapter 107 

    Secondary Texts:

    Frelick, Nancy, ed. “Introduction” to The Mirror in Medieval and Early Modern Culture: Specular Reflections. Turnhout: Brepols Publishers, 2016.

     

    Harvey, Susan Ashbrook. Scenting Salvation: Ancient Christianity and the Olfactory Imagination. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.

     

    Jantzen, Grace. Power, Gender, and Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

    Lochrie, Karma. Margery Kempe and Translations of the Flesh. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

     

    Marrone, Steven. The Light of Thy Countenance: Science and Knowledge of God in the Thirteenth Century, 2 volumes, Leiden: Brill, 2001.

     

    McGinn, Bernard, ed. Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechtild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete. New York: Continuum, 1994.

     

    Neel, Carol. “The Origins of the Beguines” in Signs (14:2), Working Together in the Middle Ages: Perspectives on Women’s Communities, 1989.

    Ritchey, Sara. “Spiritual Arborescence: Trees in the Medieval Christian Imagination” in Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality (8:1) 2008, 64-82.

     

    Scott, Karen. “’This is why I have put you among your neighbors’: St. Bernard’s and St. Catherine’s Understanding of the Love of God and Neighbor” in Atti del Simposio Internazionale Cateriniano-Bernardiniano, edited by D. Maffei and P. Nardi (Siena: Accademia Senese degli Intronati, 1982) 279-94.

    Van Dyke, Christina. “Self-Knowledge, Abnegation, and Fulfillment in Medieval Mysticism,” Self-Knowledge, (ed.), U. Renz, Oxford Philosophical Concepts Series: Oxford University Press, 131-145.

     

    Watson, Nicholas. “Introduction" to The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Mysticism. S. Fanous and V. Gillespie (eds.), 1-28. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

     

    REASON

    Primary Texts:

    Angela of Foligno, Memorial IX 

     

    The Book of Privy CounsellingChapter 8

    The Cloud of Unknowing, Chapter 63 

     

    Catherine of Siena, Dialogue Chapters 26, 44, 51 and 85

    Christine de Pizan, The Book of the City of Ladies, trans. Earl Richards. New York: Persea Books, 1982, revised 1998, pg. 9

     

    Margaret Ebner, Revelations, Leonard Hindsely, trans. and ed. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1993, pgs. 100 and 155.

     

    Meister Eckhart, Sermons 70, 71, and 76, and “Sister Catherine Treatise”  in Meister Eckhart: Teacher and Preacher

     

    Hadewijch. Visions 7, 9, and 12, Letters 6, 10 and 18, and Poems 25 and 30 

     

    Julian of Norwich, Showings, Chapter 58 

     

    Thomas a Kempis, The Imitation of Christ, Chapter 1 and Chapter 3

     

    Mechthild of Magdeburg, The Flowing Light of the Godhead, Book II 

     

    Marguerite Porete, The Mirror of Simple Souls, Chapters 7, 21, 43, 53, 87, and 135 

     

    Richard of St. Victor, The Twelve Patriarchs (Benjamin Minor) Chapters II, IV, XII, XV, and LXXIII-LXXIV 

     

    Johannes Tauler, Sermons 13 and 29

    Secondary Texts:

    Hollywood, Amy and P. Dailey, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

     

    McGinn, Bernard. The Harvest of Mysticism in Medieval Germany (1300-1500), Vol.4 of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 2005.

     

    McGinn, Bernard, ed. Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics: Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechtild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete. New York: Continuum, 1994.

    Newman, Barbara. God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.


    Winston-Allen, Anne. Convent Chronicles: Women Writing about Women and Reform in the Late Middle Ages. University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004

     

    WILL AND LOVE

    Primary Texts:

    Angela of Foligno, Memorial IX

    The Book of Privy Counseling, Chapters 3 and 4

     

    The Cloud of Unknowing.

     

    Bonaventure, The Soul’s Journey into God; The Tree of Life

     

    Catherine of Siena, Dialogue, Prologue and Chapter 51 

     

    Gertrude of Helfta, The Herald of Divine Love, Chapter 10 

     

    Hadewijch, Letters 6 and 16

    Julian of Norwich, The ShowingsChapters 42, 43, 44, 55, and 60 

     

    Margaret of Oingt, “Pagina meditationum” 

     

    McNamer, Sarah, trans. Meditations on the Life of Christ: The Short Italian Text, Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2018.

     

    Marguerite Porete, The Mirror of Simple Souls

     

    Richard of St. Victor, and Anonymous. Chapter V in The Pursuit of Wisdom and Other Works by the Author of the Cloud of Unknowing, ed. and trans. James Walsh. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1988.

     

    Jan Van Ruusbroec, Spiritual Espousals 62 

     

    Meditations on the Life of Christ, Chapters 13, 50, 58, and 107

    Secondary Texts:

    Bornstein, Daniel. “Women and Religion in Late Medieval Italy: History and Historiography” Women and Religion in Medieval and Renaissance Italy, edited by D Bornstein and R. Rusconi, trans. Margery Schneider (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996) 1-27.

     

    Bynum, Caroline Walker. Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

     

    Hollywood, Amy and P. Dailey, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

     

    Hugher-Edwards, Mari. Reading Medieval Anchoritism: Ideology and Spiritual Practice, (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2012

     

    Karnes, Michelle. Imagination, Meditation, and Cognition in the Middle Ages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

     

    McGinn, Bernard. The Flowering of Mysticism: Men and Women in the New Mysticism - 1200-1350. Vol. III of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co, 1998.

     

    McNamer, Sarah. 'The Origins of the Meditationes Vitae Christi ', Speculum 84 (2009), pp. 905–955.

     

    Robertson, Elizabeth. “Medieval Medical Views of Women and Female Spirituality in the Ancrene Wisse and Julian of Norwich’s Showings,” in Feminist Approaches to the Body in Medieval Literature, eds. L. Lomperis and S. Stanbury. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.

     

    PERSONS

    Primary Texts:

    Angela of Foligno, Memorial

     

    Catherine of Siena, Dialogue,  pgs. 25, 29, 49, 85, 205

    Meister Eckhart, Sermons 70 and 92 in The Complete Mystical Works of Meister Eckhart

     

    Meister Eckhart, Sermon 76 in Meister Eckhart: Teacher and Preacher

     

    Gertrude of Helfta, The Herald of Divine Love, Book II 

    Hadewijch, Letters 6, 9, and 14 

     

    Margaret of Oingt, Chapter 2

     

    Mechthild of Magdeburg, The Flowing Light of the Godhead, Book IV

    Marguerite Porete, The Mirror of Simple Souls, Chapters 21 and 135 

     

    Jan Van Ruusbroec, Spiritual Espousals Book II, Part 4 

    Johannes Tauler, Sermon for the Twenty-Second Sunday After the Trinity (V 76) 

    Secondary

    Bynum, Caroline Walker. Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. New York: Zone Books, 1991.

     

    Dales, Richard. The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century, Leiden: Brill, 1995.

     

    Hollywood, Amy and P. Dailey, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

     

    Kobusch, Theo. Die Entdeckung der Person: Metaphysik der Freiheit und modernes Menschenbild. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1997.

     

    Kristeller, Paul Oskar. “The Dignity of Man” in Renaissance Concepts of Man and Other Essays. New York: Harper & Row, 1972, 1-21.

     

    McGinn, Bernard. The Harvest of Mysticism in Medieval Germany (1300-1500), Vol.4 of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 2005. 

    Morgan, Ben. On Becoming God: Late Medieval Mysticism and the Modern Western Self. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.

     

    Newman, Barbara. God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

     

    Pasnau, Robert. “Medieval Social Epistemology: Scientia for Mere Mortals” in Episteme 7.1 (2010), 23-41.

     

    Shaffern, Robert. Law and Justice from Antiquity to Enlightenment. Lanham, ML: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Ltd., 2009.

     

    Tiereny, Brian. Medieval Poor Law: A Sketch of Canonical Theory and Its Application in England. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.

     

    Trinkaus, Charles. ‘In Our Image and Likeness’: Humanity and Divinity in Italian Humanist Thought.2 Vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

     

    Van Dyke, Christina. “I See Dead People: Disembodied Souls and Aquinas’s ‘Two-Person’ Problem,” Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 2, 25-45.

     

    ———.  “Not Properly a Person: the Rational Soul and ‘Thomistic Substance Dualism,’” Faith and Philosophy 26:2,  (2009) 186-204.

     

    IMMORTALITY AND THE AFTERLIFE

    Primary Texts:

    Angela of Foligno. Memorials IV and IX, and Chapter VI in Angela of Foligno: Complete Works, trans. Paul Lachance. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1993.

     

    Catherine of Siena. Catherine of Siena: The Dialogue, trans. Suzanne Noffke. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1980.

     

    Eckhart, Meister. Counsels 4 and 23, and “The Sister Catherine Treatise” in Meister Eckhart: The Essential Sermons, Commentaries, Treatises, and Defense. eds. and trans. Edmund Colledge, and Bernard McGinn. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1981.

     

    ———. Counsel 16b in Die deutschen und lateinishcen Werke. Herausgegeben in Auftrage der Deutschen Forschungsgmeinschaft. Stuttgart and Berlin: W. Kohlhammer, 1936-.

     

    Hadewijch. Letter 9 and Vision 7 in Hadewijch: The Complete Works. ed. and trans. Mother Columba Hart. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1980. 

     

    Mechtild of Magdeburg. Chapter IV in Mechtild of Magdeburg, The Flowing Light of the Godhead, trans. Frank Tobin. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1998.

    Porete, Marguerite. Chapters 79 and 135 in Marguerite Porete. The Mirror of Simple Souls, trans. E.L. Babinsky. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1993.

    Secondary Texts:

    Bynum, Caroline Walker. The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200-1336, New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

     

    Dales, Richard. The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century, Leiden: Brill, 1995.

     

    Flora, Holly. The Devout Belief of the Imagination. The Paris Meditationes Vitae Christi and Female Franciscan Spirituality in Trecento Italy. Disciplina Monastica, volume 6, Turnhout: Brepols, 2009.

     

    Gellmann, Jerome. (2014), ‘Mysticism’, in E.N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2014/entries/mysticism/>.

     

    Hollywood, Amy and P. Dailey, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

     

    Largier, Nicholas. “Inner Senses – Outer Senses: The Practice of Emotions in Medieval Mysticism”, in Emotions and Sensibilities in the Middle Ages, Edited by C. Jaeger and I. Kasten, 3-15. Berlin & New York: de Gruyter, 2003.

    McGinn, Bernard. The Harvest of Mysticism in Medieval Germany (1300-1500), Vol.4 of The Presence of God: A History of Western Christian Mysticism. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 2005.

    Van Dyke, Christina. “The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth: Robert Grosseteste on Universals (and the Posterior Analytics),” Journal of the History of Philosophy 48:2, 153-170.

     

    Van Steenberghen, Fernand. Thomas Aquinas and Radical Aristotelianism, Washington DC: Catholic University Press, 1980.

     
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